Clean water is essential everywhere, but especially in our homes. Thanks to our plumbing systems, we can access clean water for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. It’s easy to forget about the complex systems that exist in our homes and separate the clean water from the waste water. It’s important that we keep these systems functioning properly to avoid any problems with our water supply. In order to do this, it’s important to have at least some basic knowledge about your plumbing and your drainage system.
What is a Drainage System?
To keep things simple, drainage systems exist to filter out wastewater. In places such as cities and other suburban areas, this system prevents excess water, such as rainwater and flood water, from flooding the area by letting it flow down drains. This is the sewer system.
Being exposed to contaminated wastewater could lead to problems including health issues, skin irritation, foul odors, and many other things. This is why it’s essential to keep your drain plumbing running smoothly.
Supply and Drainage Subsystems
The drain plumbing system is split into two main “subsystems.” The concept for large-scale areas described above is also used in our homes, with the size being one of the main differences. If you’re still confused about how a drainage system works, then let’s dig into the two subsystems so you can develop your understanding.
Water Supply (Freshwater)
The freshwater supply is where our clean and potable water comes from. Your water, along with everyone else’s, comes from one of two abundant water supplies: the city water or well water.
City water can often be found in suburban areas, as the name suggests. It works by transporting water from one main source in the city through the use of large pipes buried underground. This is how homes and establishments get their supply of water.
Well water does not come from the city’s main supply, but from a well built on your property. This water flows into your home through the use of a pump and pressure tank. In order to use well water, your home needs to have access to a large supply of potable water, so this is not a good option for every home.
Regardless of its source, pressure allows the water to be pumped through several pipes and valves in different areas of your home. These pipes and valves include a shut-off valve; in worst-case scenarios with issues in your plumbing, this can stop the water from being pumped into your home until the problem is resolved.
Drainage System (Wastewater)
This is a completely separate system from the supply. This is where waste water and excess water are drained to avoid flooding. Unlike the supply, which pumps water into the pipes, drainage systems often rely on gravity to do the work. The pipes are installed vertically so that any used water can easily be disposed of through the drains. From there, wastewater is directed to sewers or a septic tank.
To prevent the wastewater from being contaminated further, drain plumbing is also equipped with vents to allow chemicals and toxic gasses to escape. This mitigates health risks and prevents unpleasant odors from lingering in your homes.
Small mishaps like a clogged sink can easily be resolved if you have a basic understanding of how your drainage system works. However, it’s best to consult a professional if you’re dealing with a more serious issue with your pipes. Remember, clean water is a necessity. Researching drain plumbing will keep you well-equipped to keep it flowing!
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